UNESCO Heritage Sites »

The Nazca Lines are an exceptional collection of geoglyphs in the southern desert of Peru. There are about 300 figures among them including geometric shapes, animal like figures, straight continuous lines, humans and plants. The exceptionality of these geoglyphs rest in the fact that they can only be seen from the air.

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Inca Civilization

The Inca civilization was the largest Pre-Columbian civilization in the Americas and Cusco was its capital. The best kept example of its architecture is Machu Picchu.

Machu Picchu

The Sacred City is one of the most significant archeological sites left by the Incas


Fascinating culture and Inca heritage of this beautiful country

Lake Titicaca

Lake Titicaca is the highest navigable lake in the world. It occupies an important place in Inca mythology.

Animals of Peru

Animals in Peru have specialized and adapted to the conditions of its geography. At higher altitude levels, few animals and plants can survive because of the lack of oxygen.

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Articles tagged with: ecosystem

Facts about Peru’s biodiversity and environment

Glasswing Butterfly, Peru's rainforest

Japan and the United States are the main export markets of Peru’s biodiversity-based products.

Peru is one of the world’s top 10 “megadiverse” counties.

About 25,000 species of plants or 10% of …

Amazon River Ecosystem and Biodiversity

Electric eel

The Amazon River is the greatest river of South America and its biodiversity the richest of any river in the world. Its waters are populated by 2,500 different species of fish, scientists believe that there are many more that have not been identified yet. Mammals, amphibians and water snakes also call the Amazon River home. The river has been a source of protein for the local population for thousands of years and a source of fresh water.

The Amazing Amazon River

Amazon River

The Amazon River is the second longest river in the world about 4,000 miles or 6,450 km long, second only to the Nile River. In terms of volume, the Amazon …

Regions and Microclimates of the Peruvian Andes

The Andean Mountain range, Peru

define the regions in the Sierra. These regions are grouped according to its altitude above the sea level. Each region has its own particular climate, flora and fauna that …

Saving Peru’s Ecosystems and Biodiversity

Barred Leaf Frog in Rainforest

It is important for the world and for the enjoyment of future generations to preserve Peru’s ecosystems and biodiversity. Peru has a wide range of ecosystems because of its great …

Peru’s protected areas

Machu Picchu Archeological Site, Peru

In its effort to guard its natural resources the government has created a national system to protect natural areas in order to contribute to the sustainable development of the country. …

Biodiversity in the Andes

Alpaca with a full coat

Each section of Andes has specialized fauna and flora that have adapted to its conditions. At higher levels, 14,000 feet/4,267 meters, few animals and plants can survive because of the lack of oxygen. Few people live at this elevation. Life at this altitude is scarce and specialized. Birds are small and small rodents such as the guinea pigs, native of the Andes, are part of the local population’s diet. Trees are almost nonexistent at this level.

Endangered Animals in the Andes


Many Andean animals are in danger of extinction and are protected by Andean government nations and international organizations. Among the some of the endangered animals are:
Andean Condor
The condor is the most …

Relatives of the Camel

Vicuña wool

Llamas are relatives of the camel family. Ancient people living in the Andes tamed llamas about 5,000 years ago, since then they have become important animals in Peru. The llamas had an important place in the Inca culture, they were used as transportation, their wool was used for clothing and blankets and their meat for food. Local indigenous people use them the same way as the Incas did.

Discovering Peru and the Inca Civilization

Peru  is the third largest country in South America after Brazil and Argentina. It shares its border with Ecuador and Colombia on the north, on the east with Brazil, on …