Articles in Animals of Peru
Peru has a diverse geography, from the Pacific Ocean bordering the long desert coast to the Andean mountains and the rain forest. Because of this wide geographical range and different altitudes and climates, animals have adapted and survived in this environment. Peru is home to more than 500 species of mammals, of which 70 are endemic and close to 100 are threatened, vulnerable or endangered.
The habitat of Peru’s reptiles is concentrated on the eastern side of the country, in the Amazon rainforest. Here the warm and humid weather makes for a comfortable environment where to reproduce. Since all reptiles are ectothermic, which means that they cannot regulate their own body temperature, they require a tropical and warm environment.
The Amazon River is the greatest river of South America and its biodiversity the richest of any river in the world. Its waters are populated by 2,500 different species of fish, scientists believe that there are many more that have not been identified yet. Mammals, amphibians and water snakes also call the Amazon River home. The river has been a source of protein for the local population for thousands of years and a source of fresh water.
Each section of Andes has specialized fauna and flora that have adapted to its conditions. At higher levels, 14,000 feet/4,267 meters, few animals and plants can survive because of the lack of oxygen. Few people live at this elevation. Life at this altitude is scarce and specialized. Birds are small and small rodents such as the guinea pigs, native of the Andes, are part of the local population’s diet. Trees are almost nonexistent at this level.
Many Andean animals are in danger of extinction and are protected by Andean government nations and international organizations. Among the some of the endangered animals are:
The condor is the most …
Llamas are relatives of the camel family. Ancient people living in the Andes tamed llamas about 5,000 years ago, since then they have become important animals in Peru. The llamas had an important place in the Inca culture, they were used as transportation, their wool was used for clothing and blankets and their meat for food. Local indigenous people use them the same way as the Incas did.
The Amazon Rainforest is home to more than 10,000 species of mammals, with a great majority comprised by bats and rodents. Bats account for about 950 of the mammal species. …
Thanks to the Humboldt Current also known as the Peruvian Current the waters adjacent to the is one the most biologically diverse ecosystems on the planet. This 200 nautical …