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Animals of Peru, Peru's Biodiversity »

Animals of Peru-Mammals

Peru has a diverse , from the bordering the long to the and . Because of this wide geographical range and different altitudes and climates, animals have adapted and survived in this environment.
Peru is home to more than 500 species of mammals, of which 70 are endemic and close to 100 are threatened, vulnerable or endangered.

Andean Titi Monkey,a critically endangered species endemic to Peru.
The following is a list of mammals found in the Peruvian territory but not exclusively.

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The Amazon river is home to many species of animals …

Animals of Peru, Peru's Biodiversity »

Animals of Peru – Reptiles

The habitat of Peru’s reptiles is concentrated on the eastern side of the country, in the   Here the warm and humid weather makes for a comfortable environment where to reproduce. Since all reptiles are ectothermic, which means that they cannot regulate their own body temperature, they require a tropical and warm environment.
 

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Amazon River, Animals of Peru, Peru's Biodiversity, The Rainforest »

Amazon River Ecosystem and Biodiversity

The biodiversity of the Amazon River is the richest of any river in the world. Its waters are populated by 2,500 different species of fish. Mammals, amphibians and water snakes also call the Amazon River home.

Animals of Peru, Geography, Peru's Biodiversity, The Rainforest »

Amazon Rainforest Animals

The Amazon Rainforest is home to more than 10,000 species of mammals, with a great majority comprised by bats and rodents. Bats account for about 950 of the mammal species. The Amazon is the only place in the world where the three species of blood drinking vats are found as well as the only fish-eating bat.
More than 1,500 species of birds are found in the , most are migrant birds on their way north or south.
Frogs outnumber the rest of the amphibians at more than 1,000 species. The brightly colored …

Andes or Sierra, Animals of Peru, Peru's Biodiversity »

Biodiversity in the Andes

Each has specialized fauna and flora that have adapted to its conditions. At higher levels, 14,000 feet/4,267 meters, few animals and plants can survive because of the lack of oxygen. Few people live at this elevation. Life at this altitude is scarce and specialized. Birds are small and small rodents such as the guinea pigs, native of the Andes, are part of the local population’s diet. Trees are almost nonexistent at this level.
Andean condors sore in the sky looking for prays to feed on, they live in flocks on …

Animals of Peru, Peru's Biodiversity »

Endangered Animals in the Andes

Many Andean animals are in danger of extinction and are protected by Andean government nations and international organizations. Among the some of the endangered animals are:
Andean Condor
The condor is the most majestic of the birds found in . They nest on mountain ledges in the Andean Range and have a low reproductive rate as they lay eggs every other year. Hunting condors for medicinal remedies is one of the factors affecting its survival. Air, water and soil pollution due to mining and industrial development is affecting its population as well as …

Animals of Peru, Peru's Biodiversity »

Relatives of the Camel

Llamas
Llamas are relatives of the camel family. tamed llamas about 5,000 years ago, since then they have become important animals in Peru. The llamas had an important place in the , they were used as transportation, their wool was used for clothing and blankets and their meat for food. Local indigenous people use them the same way as the did.
Llamas weight between 280lbs or 130 k and 450 lbs or 200k and can live from 15 to 25 years. They are social animals and calm in nature. Their …

Animals of Peru, Coast, Peru's Biodiversity »

Thanks to the Humboldt Current also known as the Peruvian Current the waters adjacent to the is one the most biologically diverse ecosystems on the planet. This 200 nautical mile area is a coastal upwelling which is characterized for its deep and cool waters where phytoplankton thrives. Phytoplankton is at the bottom of the food chain and serves as nourishment for zooplankton and small fish including the anchovy better known as anchoveta which in turn feeds predatory fish, mammals and guano producing birds. This system provides an abundance of …