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Articles tagged with: Pachacuti

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Cusco

It is estimated that around 1.5 million tourists visit Cusco every year, and the city of Cusco have become the main tourist attractions in Peru and one of the most visited in South America. In 1983 UNESCO declared Cusco as a World Heritage Site. The highest concentration of tourists is during the dry month of June when the celebration of the takes place.
When you travel to Cusco you should be aware of . Cusco is located at an altitude of 10,800 feet or 3,300 meters above sea …

Machu Picchu »

Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu was the most magnificent community the Incas built, its name means “Old Mountain” in Quechua.

Machu Picchu »

Why was Machu Picchu built?

Indeed, there must have been a good reason to justify the laborious construction of this magic city in such a challenging land. Since did not have a written language the real purpose for the building of Machu Picchu is not clear, it remains a mystery and is open to speculation. There are many theories but few among the most plausible. The most common conclusion from experts on Inca history and archeologists is that it was built first and foremost as a sacred center to worship natural resources, deities and …

Machu Picchu »

Machu Picchu Archeological Sites

The Temple of the Sun also known as the Torreon may have served as a primitive solar observatory. It was dedicated to their . Enclosed by a semicircular wall, the only one in , the room contains a stone altar and windows strategically placed to observe astronomical events. Two windows are aligned to the stone altar, which is located at the center of the room. According to how it catches the sun’s rays it signals the winter and summer solstices, the longest and shortest days of the year.
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Temple of the …

Inca Civilization »

The Inca Empire

The Inca Empire flourished in the South American continent from 1438 until the Spanish arrived in the continent in 1533. From around 1200  to 1438 the Incas were considered a tribe which gradually grew occupying a territory of  800,000 sq km or 308,882 sq mi. Starting around the year 1438 the Incas started expanding absorbing neighboring territories and incorporating their culture and practices into their own societies and becoming an empire. The expansion started when Sapa Inca Pachacuti came to the throne. With the help of this son Topa Inca …

Inca Civilization »

Cusco, the City of the Puma

The name Cusco comes from the Aymara language qusqu wanka that means “rock of the owl”. According to one the , the myth of the Ayar brothers, Ayar Auca became an owl and flew to the location where they would settle to create the capital of the new empire, he converted into a rock to mark the chosen site.
Inca Manco Capac was the founder of the . The inner city of Cusco was laid out in the shape of a puma whose head was the fortress of Sacsahuaman. His body …

Inca Civilization »

The Inca and his family

The Inca or the Sapa Inca was the emperor, head of state with unlimited powers. There was only one Inca and no other person was called Inca but overtime this name became the term for the society in general. The Sapa Inca was polygamous and he usually married his sister who was his most important wife, she was known as the Coya. Polygamy was common among the royalty and upper classes and for those who could afford it. The Sapa Inca and the Coya lived in separate palaces which were …