Discovering Peru and the Inca Civilization

Peru  is the third largest country in South America after Brazil and Argentina. It shares its border with Ecuador and Colombia on the north, on the east with Brazil, on the south with Chile, on the southeast with Bolivia and on the west with the Pacific Ocean. Peru was home to the largest

Official Languages
Peru has two official languages: Spanish and Quechua. Spanish is the most widely spoken language. Quechua is an indigenous language used by the  and currently spoken mostly along the . Quechua and its thirty to forty …

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UNESCO Heritage Sites »

The following is a list of Peru’s UNESCO Heritage Sites:
Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu
Historic Center of Lima
City of Cuzco
Chan Chan Archaeological Zone
Chavin Archaeological Site
Historic Center of the City of Arequipa
Lines and Geogliphs of Nasca and Pampas de Jumales
QhapaqÑan Andean Road System
Sacred City of Caral-Supe
Huascaran National Park
Manu National Park
Rio Abiseo National Park

Geography, The Rainforest »

The Amazon Rainforest

For centuries the Amazon rainforest has been cleared of plants as soon as humans come in contact with it, be it because of slash-and-burn farming, oil drilling, mining or cutting exotic trees for furniture. The Amazon rainforest represents more than 50% of the total rainforest left in the planet and more than 20% of the oxygen is produced here where trees recycle carbon dioxide into oxygen. The Amazon is referred as the “lungs of the planet”. The Amazon jungle is also and plants living in a number of ecosystems unmatched …

Inca Civilization »

Who were the Incas? Where did the Incas come from?

The Inca Civilization
The Incas were a civilization in South America formed by ethnic Quechua people also known as Amerindians. In 1400AD they were a small highland tribe, one hundred years later in early the early 16th century the Incas rose to conquer and control the largest empire ever seen in the Americas forming the great . Its capital was located in and extended from what today is Ecuador in the north, Chile in the South, Bolivia in the east and limited by the in the west. In less than …

Culture, Inca Civilization »

Inca Art Forms

Inca art was practical. The Incas were an artistic people who used materials available to them in nature and blended them creating many artistic forms in utilitarian ways. Much of their artistic expression was used in everyday life and had a .  Because they did not know science they had to attach powers to natural phenomena worshiping natural resources such as water streams or rocks, animals and almost anything related to nature and the best way to worship was to incorporate their best artistic creations in their offerings to the …

Machu Picchu, UNESCO Heritage Sites »

Machu Picchu History

Machu Picchu was built around AD1460 by Inca Pachacuti.The Spaniards never found Machu Picchu, so unlike other cities in the Inca Civilization, it was never destroyed or changed. In 1911 Hiram Bingham, an American explorer, accidentally discovered Machu Picchu, the “Lost City of the Incas”.

Culture, History, Inca Civilization »

Inti Raymi, The Celebration of the Sun

The Tradition
In Quechua Inti means Sun and Raymi celebration. Inti Raymi is the celebration of the God Sun, the most venerated god in . According to Inca tradition, Pachatutec, the first Inca, created the Inti Raymi to celebrate the winter solstice which marked the first day of the New Year in the Inca calendar. The winter solstice begins on June 21st but according to , the sun stays in the same place until the 24th when it finally rises. Therefore, every year on June 24th the festival of the Inti …

UNESCO Heritage Sites »

The Sacred City of Caral or Caral-Supe is the capital of the Norte Chico Civilization of Supe located in the Supe Valley, 200 km (124 miles) north of Lima. The Sacred City of Caral is the earliest known civilization in the Americas, it dates to the Late Archaic period. Radiocarbon analysis performed by the Caral-Supe Special Archaeological Project (PEACS) dates its development between 3000 to 1800 B.C.

The sunken plaza is located at the central axis of the pyramid providing access to it.
It is believed that this civilization started by the …

UNESCO Heritage Sites »

Arequipa is known as the “White City”or Ciudad Blanca for the white walls of many of its colonial buildings. The famous white walls are made of white ashlar or sillar, a volcanic stone that lies at the feet of many of its volcanoes such as Mount Misti, Mount Chanchani  and Mount Pichu Pichu. Sillar can be carved easily and many buildings have elaborate decorations giving Arequipa a distinct character. The use of sillar is reflected in the integration of European and Amerindian cultures in the ornamented architecture in the historic …

UNESCO Heritage Sites »

The Chan Chan Archaeological Zone was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1986. Chan Chan was the capital of the Chimú Civilization located in the north coast of Peru 300 miles (480 km) north of in the city of Trujillo. The Chimú absorbed the and expanded becoming the richest civilization of its time. Its kingdom lasted from around 850 AD to 1470 until they were conquered by the

The City of Chan Chan is the oldest standing adobe city in the world.
 
The city of Chan Chan was built around 900 A.D. …

UNESCO Heritage Sites »

Chavin de Huantar developed between 1,500 to 500BC in the highlands of the southeast of the Cordillera Blanca in the department of Ancash, 186 miles (300 km) north of. Chavin is one of the that developed in the Early Horizon. Chavin de Huantar was the economic, social and political center of the region. Chavin was designated UNESCO Heritage Site in 1985.
The entire site is about 12 square kilometers and contains the main architectural complex of buildings, plazas, galleries, dwellings and other structures as well as agricultural zones, terraces and …