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Andean Road System
 
The Incas were magnificent engineers, they built the most elaborate network of roads and bridges of any ancient culture, known as Qhapaq Ñan. The success of its empire was …

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Inca Civilization

The Inca civilization was the largest Pre-Columbian civilization in the Americas and Cusco was its capital. The best kept example of its architecture is Machu Picchu.

Machu Picchu

The Sacred City is one of the most significant archeological sites left by the Incas

Culture

Fascinating culture and Inca heritage of this beautiful country

Lake Titicaca

Lake Titicaca is the highest navigable lake in the world. It occupies an important place in Inca mythology.

Animals of Peru

Animals in Peru have specialized and adapted to the conditions of its geography. At higher altitude levels, few animals and plants can survive because of the lack of oxygen.

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Articles in Inca Civilization

Who were the Incas? Where did the Incas come from?

Who were the Incas

The Inca Civilization
The Incas were a civilization in South America formed by ethnic Quechua people also known as Amerindians. In 1400AD they were a small highland tribe, one hundred years …

The Inca Empire

Incas worshiped many Gods but the most important were Wiracocha and Inti

 
The Inca Empire flourished in the South American continent from 1438 until the Spanish arrived in the continent in 1533. From around 1200  to 1438 the Incas were considered a …

Inca expansion and its government

Tawantinsuyu

Inca Government
The Inca empire was an absolute monarchy with the Sapa Inca exercising the ultimate government authority. His powers were not limited by law. The royal council helped him rule …

The fall of the Inca Empire

Conquest of the Inca, 1531-1533

In 1527 Sapa Inca Huayna Capac died of smallpox, which was brought by the Spanish from Europe and had spread from Central America to South America, weakening the . Ninan …

Achievements of the Incas

Inca medicine

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The Incas were magnificent engineers. They built a system of roads and bridges across the roughest terrains of the . Through their and the most advanced centralized economy, the Incas …

Inca Roads and Chasquis

Inca suspension bridge

Andean Road System
 
The Incas were magnificent engineers, they built the most elaborate network of roads and bridges of any ancient culture, known as Qhapaq Ñan. The success of its empire was …

Inca Society

Native Peruvians gather potatoes from their terraced farms

The Inca society was a vertical hierarchical organization divided in four social classes. At the top of the stratum was the Sapa Inca, the most powerful person in the empire. …

Economy of the Inca Empire

Land was distributed according to family size.

Central Economy
The Incas had a centrally planned economy, perhaps the most successful ever seen. Its success was in the efficient management of labor and the administration of resources they collected …

Inca Law

inca law

According to chronicler Garcilazo de la Vega the Incas imposed a set of three laws on its citizens: “Ama Sua. Ama Llulla. Ama Quella” or “Do not steal. Do not …

Cusco, the City of the Puma

Cusco, city puma

The name Cusco comes from the Aymara language qusqu wanka that means “rock of the owl”. According to one of the , the myth of the Ayar brothers, Ayar Auca …