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The Nazca Lines are an exceptional collection of geoglyphs in the southern desert of Peru. There are about 300 figures among them including geometric shapes, animal like figures, straight continuous lines, humans and plants. The exceptionality of these geoglyphs rest in the fact that they can only be seen from the air.

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Inca Civilization

The Inca civilization was the largest Pre-Columbian civilization in the Americas and Cusco was its capital. The best kept example of its architecture is Machu Picchu.

Machu Picchu

The Sacred City is one of the most significant archeological sites left by the Incas


Fascinating culture and Inca heritage of this beautiful country

Lake Titicaca

Lake Titicaca is the highest navigable lake in the world. It occupies an important place in Inca mythology.

Animals of Peru

Animals in Peru have specialized and adapted to the conditions of its geography. At higher altitude levels, few animals and plants can survive because of the lack of oxygen.

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Articles in Peru’s Biodiversity

Animals of Peru-Mammals

Andean Titi Monkey

Peru has a diverse geography, from the Pacific Ocean bordering the long desert coast to the Andean mountains and the rain forest. Because of this wide geographical range and different altitudes and climates, animals have adapted and survived in this environment. Peru is home to more than 500 species of mammals, of which 70 are endemic and close to 100 are threatened, vulnerable or endangered.

Amazon Rainforest Animals

Rainforest toucan

The Amazon Rainforest is home to more than 10,000 species of mammals, with a great majority comprised by bats and rodents. Bats account for about 950 of the mammal species. …

Relatives of the Camel

Vicuña wool

Llamas are relatives of the camel family. Ancient people living in the Andes tamed llamas about 5,000 years ago, since then they have become important animals in Peru. The llamas had an important place in the Inca culture, they were used as transportation, their wool was used for clothing and blankets and their meat for food. Local indigenous people use them the same way as the Incas did.

Animals of Peru – Reptiles

black caiman

The habitat of Peru’s reptiles is concentrated on the eastern side of the country, in the Amazon rainforest. Here the warm and humid weather makes for a comfortable environment where to reproduce. Since all reptiles are ectothermic, which means that they cannot regulate their own body temperature, they require a tropical and warm environment.

Endangered Animals in the Andes


Many Andean animals are in danger of extinction and are protected by Andean government nations and international organizations. Among the some of the endangered animals are:
Andean Condor
The condor is the most …

Biodiversity in the Andes

Alpaca with a full coat

Each section of Andes has specialized fauna and flora that have adapted to its conditions. At higher levels, 14,000 feet/4,267 meters, few animals and plants can survive because of the lack of oxygen. Few people live at this elevation. Life at this altitude is scarce and specialized. Birds are small and small rodents such as the guinea pigs, native of the Andes, are part of the local population’s diet. Trees are almost nonexistent at this level.

Facts about Peru’s biodiversity and environment

Glasswing Butterfly, Peru's rainforest

Japan and the United States are the main export markets of Peru’s biodiversity-based products.

Peru is one of the world’s top 10 “megadiverse” counties.

About 25,000 species of plants or 10% of …

Saving Peru’s Ecosystems and Biodiversity

Barred Leaf Frog in Rainforest

It is important for the world and for the enjoyment of future generations to preserve Peru’s ecosystems and biodiversity. Peru has a wide range of ecosystems because of its great …

Peru’s protected areas

Machu Picchu Archeological Site, Peru

In its effort to guard its natural resources the government has created a national system to protect natural areas in order to contribute to the sustainable development of the country. …

Amazon River Ecosystem and Biodiversity

Electric eel

The Amazon River is the greatest river of South America and its biodiversity the richest of any river in the world. Its waters are populated by 2,500 different species of fish, scientists believe that there are many more that have not been identified yet. Mammals, amphibians and water snakes also call the Amazon River home. The river has been a source of protein for the local population for thousands of years and a source of fresh water.