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Endangered Animals in the Andes

Many Andean animals are in danger of extinction and are protected by Andean government nations and international organizations. Among the some of the endangered animals are:

Andean Condor

The condor is the most majestic of the birds found in the Andes. They nest on mountain ledges in the Andean Range and have a low reproductive rate as they lay eggs every other year. Hunting condors for medicinal remedies is one of the factors affecting its survival. Air, water and soil pollution due to mining and industrial development is affecting its population as well as a reducing its food supply.

Condors in the Colca Canyon

Andean Mountain Cat

They live in altitudes of 11,500 to 15,700 ft /3,500 to 4,800 m in the Andes Mountains. It is one of the shyest cats and the least known feline in the world, there are none in captivity. The Andean Cat is considered critically endangered. Its size is about the size of a house cat with a longer tail and its fur is soft and thick. It is believed that the main reason for its decreased population is the reduction of populations of its main prays and hunting by humans. Andean cats are hunted for traditional ceremonial purposes, in Chile and Bolivia they are believed to be bad luck and therefore killed.

Andean cat. Photograph Jim Sanderson


Yellow Tailed Wolly Monkey

According to the International Primatological Society and Conservation International this species is considered one of the world’s 25 most endangered primates. It is believed that there are less than 250 left in the wild, this species is only found in the Peruvian Andes at elevations of 4,900 to 8,900 ft / 1,500 to 2,700 m. Loss of habitat is the main reason for its lower population. Economic development, logging, agriculture and mining are destroying the habitat of this monkey.

Yellow tailed monkey. Photo: Noga Shanee

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Related information


Animals of Peru

A comprehensive list of mammals of Peru, endangered animals and biodiversity in the Andes, Andean camels and Amazon River ecosystem and biodiversity.

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