Home » Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu Architecture

Machu Picchu has about 200 buildings that are considered architectural wonders. These buildings were made of individually shaped pieces of carved gray granite stone that fitted perfectly together.

a


Inca architecture is most known for its polygonal stones used in many religious buildings. One stone found in a temple wall in Machu Picchu is estimated to have at least 33 corners. The skill to shape a polygonal block and fit it with such precision against another is remarkable. The most expert Inca masons shaped blocks of stones with stone axes, obsidian pebbles and smoothed the edges with sand.

The gray granite used to build the city was widely available at the ridge however the transportation represented a challenge. Small rocks were transported by llama but large blocks had to be dragged using woven ropes to pull and levers to push them to the construction site.

As in other Inca cities, Machu Picchu followed the religious architectural pattern of truncated pyramid construction. Buildings contained rectangular rooms with irregular sized walls, their roof was made of wooden logs and covered with straw. Today, due to the passage of time, the buildings do not have a roof any more. The only construction with a semicircular wall is the Temple of the Sun.

The most significant archeology sites are the Temple of the Sun, Intihuatana stone, the Room of the Three Windows, water fountains or pools, Royal Mausoleum, the Residence of the Priest.

a

More Information about Machu Picchu

a

Machu Picchu History

Hiram Bingham, an American explorer, accidentally discovered the “Lost City of the Incas”, it was covered in dense vegetation.

Why was Machu Picchu built?

There must have been a good reason to justify the laborious construction of this magic city in such a challenging land.

Travel Machu Picchu

The Inca citadel is located 80 km northwest the city of Cusco, it sits majestically between the mountains of Machu Picchu and Wuayna Picchu in the most unreachable area of the Urubamba River.

Machu Picchu Sectors

There are two sectors in Machu Picchu, each sector was constructed on a natural division due to a geological fault.

Interesting facts about Machu Picchu

A no-fly zone restriction exists above the area.

Significant Machu Picchu archeological sites

The most significant archeology sites are the Temple of the Sun, Intihuatana stone, the Room of the Three Windows, water fountains or pools, Royal Mausoleum, the Residence of the Priest.

Comments are closed.