Inca Civilization

The Inca civilization was the largest Pre-Columbian civilization in the Americas and Cusco was its capital. The best kept example of its architecture is Machu Picchu.

Machu Picchu

The Sacred City is one of the most significant archeological sites left by the Incas


Fascinating culture and Inca heritage of this beautiful country

Lake Titicaca

Lake Titicaca is the highest navigable lake in the world. It occupies an important place in Inca mythology.

Animals of Peru

Animals in Peru have specialized and adapted to the conditions of its geography. At higher altitude levels, few animals and plants can survive because of the lack of oxygen.

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Facts about Peru

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What is the capital of Peru?

The capital of Peru is Lima

How large is Peru?

The area of the Peruvian territory is 1,285,215 sq km.

What is Peru’s official language?

Peru has two official languages, Spanish and Quechua.

By what countries is Peru surrounded?

Peru is surrounded by Ecuador and Colombian in the north, Brazil and Bolivia in the east, Chile in the south and the Pacific Ocean in the west.

What is Peru’s currency?

Peru’s currency is called Nuevo Sol.

What is Peru famous for?

Peru is most famous for its ancient Inca civilization and its food.

What is the most visited place in Peru?

Cusco and Machu Picchu are the most visited places.



Catedral de Lima

Lima’s Cathedral at night





What is Peru’s population?

The estimated population of Peru is 30.4 million.

How is the population divided by age?

Population under 15: 31.8%

Population over: 60: 8.1%

What is the life expectancy in Peru?

Life expectancy of Women: 74 yrs

Life expectancy of men: 68.9 yrs

What is the percentage of urban population in Peru?

The urban population of Peru is 74.6%.

What is Peru’s fertility rate?

The fertility rate per women in Peru is 2.4 children.




What is the main religion of Peru?

Most Peruvians consider themselves Catholics. About 89% of the population is Catholic, 6.7% Evangelical and 4.3% other denominations.

What is Peru’s ethnic mix?

Peru is a multi-ethnic society, it is estimated that 45% of the population is Amerindian, 15% Europeans, 37% Mestizo, 3% Asians and Africans.

What is Peru’s most popular sport?

The most popular sport in Peru is soccer (football in Peru).




What are Peru’s main exports?

Peru’s main exports are copper, gold, zinc, fishmeal.

Who are Peru’s main trading partners?

Peru’s main trading partners in order of importance are United States, China, Chile, Canada.


Cerro de Pasco copper mine

Health and Education


What is Peru’s adult literacy?

Peru’s adult literacy is 90.5%.

How much does the government of Peru spend in education?

The government of Peru spends on average 2.5 % of its GDP in education.

How much does the government of Peru spend in health?

The government of Peru spends about 4.3 % of its GDP in health.

How many doctors does Peru have per 1000 pop?

There are 1.2 doctors per one thousand people.


Source: The Economist 2014 Edition


Related Information


Peru Economy

Peru adopted a market economy in the early 1990s during the government of Fujimori. After a period of hyperinflation, stagnation, price controls and limitation of foreign investment the economy was opened to new investment and to market forces.

Peru Trade

Much of the country’s trade depends on the international price of its main commodities.

Competitiveness of the Peruvian Economy

Today too many businesses in Peru are still uncompetitive. According to the Inter-American Development Bank, the country as well as the whole region lags behind in total factor productivity compared to Asia.

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