Lake Titicaca Facts
- Largest lake in South America in terms of volume.
- Highest navigable lake in the world
- It is Located at an altitude of approximately 12,500 feet of 3,810 meters above sea level.
- It covers an area of 8,300 sq km or 3,240 sq miles.
- It extends for 190 km or 118 miles in length and 80 km or 49 miles in width.
- It has a maximum depth of 284m or 931feet with the average being 106m or 350 feet.
- Its geographical coordinates is 15.821324° S, 69.384155° W.
- Lake Titicaca is a national reserve.
- Its surface is evenly distributed between Bolivia and Peru.
- There are 40 floating islands made from totora reeds.
- The lake is fed by rainfall and melting glacier water.
- Annual precipitation varies between 200 and 1,400 mm.
- The most important tributaries of Lake Titicaca are located in the Peruvian side of the lake.
- There are 25 rivers that deposit their water in the Titicaca. The Ramis River is the most important contributor in terms of volume followed by Coata, Ilave, Huancane and Suchez.
- Only one river, River Desaguadero, drains 5% of the incoming water out of the lake.
- Close to 95% of the incoming water is loss through evaporation.
- The lake is so large it forms its own waves.
- Because of the source of its water the lake temperature is quite cold it has an average temperature of 11 degrees Celcius.
- Lake Titicaca is divided into two sub-basins, the larger one is Lago Grande and the smaller is Lago Pequeño. Both lakes are connected by the Strait of Tiquina.
Additional information about Lake Titicaca
According to Inca religion it was in Lake Titicaca where the first humans emerged to created the Inca Empire.
Puno is located in the Altiplano of Peru, surrounded by the Andean mountain range.
There are two legends explaining the origin of the Incas, the legend of Lake Titicaca and the Ayar Brothers.